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Punjabi Wedding


The Punjabi wedding is a joyful and exuberant affair. Large number of colorful customs and rituals and the congregation of relatives and friends add joy and mirth to the occasion.


Pre-Wedding Rituals: Given here is a brief description of the rituals observed prior to traditional Punjabi wedding. Rokka: Rokka ceremony is first in the series of Punjabi wedding rituals. It a simple ceremony which signifies that the boy and girl are now committed to marry each other. Roka ceremony is performed at the house of the bride-to-be. So the family and relatives of the prospective groom must go to her house for the ceremony. The ceremony consists of a simple puja that is conducted by a purohit, followed by an exchange of gifts between the two families. After this ceremony they are free to court each other. Sagan and Chunni Chadana: In present times these ceremonies are combined together are usually conducted in a banquet hall or a club. In sagan or shagun ceremony, the purohit performs a havan. The father of the bride-to-be applies tilak on the forehead of the groom-to-be and gives gifts to him and his family members. The bride is dressed in clothes and jewellery that have been presented to her by her future in-laws. She is also presented a red chunni by the sister/sister-in-law of her future husband. She also receives jewelry and gifts from her in-laws as part of the ceremony. Her mother-in-law feeds her boiled rice and milk as part of the ritual. Later, the prospective bride and groom exchange rings. Sangeet: The families of the prospective bride and groom hold a special sangeet session. Friends and close family members are invited and traditional wedding songs are sung. Both the sides exchange gifts and sweets. Mehandi: As a ritual, mehandi or henna is sent by the future mother-in-law of the bride-to-be. This mehandi is applied on the hands and feet of the bride-to-be by a relative, friend or a professional mehandiwali. The bride's close friends and close female relatives dance joyously while the mehandi is being applied to her. They also apply henna on their hands. After the Mehandi ceremony, delicious snacks and meals are served to all present.